Ammonium chloride (NH4Cl) is an ammonium salt containing 65.5% of Cl and 26.2% of N.
Cl is identified as an essential macromineral (NRC, 2001) and plays an important role in the electrolytic balance (cation-anion) in animals and is now included as a criteria for formulation for feed for certain species. Ammonium chloride is used as a source of chloride and this is documented:
- In ruminants as a product to correct diets with an inadequate electrolytic balance.(FEDNA, Spain, 2003)
- In swine, in the optimization of anionic diets (Patience, Prairie, Swine Center, Canada,2007) or in the electrolytic balance (Lizardo, IRTA, Spain, 2007)
- In poultry, in layers to improve the quality of the albumen (FEDNA, Spain, 2003) and in the electrolytic balance of broilers (Borges, Poultry Science, 2004)
- Chlorides are clearly identified as an essential constituent of certain dietetic feed, in particular the reduction of the risk of urinary stones as laid down in Directive 2008/38/EC.
- For the last few years, anionic feeding of dairy cows has progressively developed and ammonium chloride is an essential feed material for this kind of feed because it has the best anion/cation ratio among the most common anionic salts (ammonium chloride, ammonium sulphate, calcium sulphate and magnesium sulphate).
Ammonium Chloride can be delivered in 25-kilogram pp bags.